Glover was born in Salem, Massachusetts on November 5, 1732, and moved with
his family to Marblehead where he grew up. Just a few years after his marriage
to Hannah Gale, Glover was appointed an ensign in the Third Military Foot
Company, a Marblehead Militia Regiment of 1,000 men. He quickly rose through
the ranks, eventually becoming a Colonel upon the death of Colonel Jeremiah
Lee in 1775, in command of the Marblehead Militia Regiment (which he had
originally joined in 1759). In June of that year, Glover and the Regiment
were ordered to join the Continental Army encamped at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Recognizing Glover's leadership skills and resourcefulness, General Washington
sent Glover to Beverly to protect that port against three British warships
threatening attack. Soon after, Washington ordered Glover to commission
and man two small naval vessels, the forerunners of Washington's Navy.
the start of 1776, the Marblehead Militia Regiment formally became
the 14th Continental Regiment and was ordered in July to march to
New York and later to Long Island. In August, Glover organized and
supervised the evacuation from Long Island of 9,000 Continental troops
and all of their equipment, guns, horses, and cannon, at night and
under appalling weather conditions. In mid-October, Glover and 750
of his soldiers fought to a standstill a British force of more than
On Christmas night, 1776, Glover again proved his mettle when the
14th Continental Regiment ferried Washington and 2,400 men across
the Delaware River at night, again in desperate weather, marched them
nine miles into Trenton, fought a 36-hour successful battle there,
marched back to the Delaware with 900 Hessian captives, and crossed
back over the river again.
Following additional distinguished roles in the war, including at
the Battle of Saratoga and its aftermath, Glover retired from the
Army in 1782. He returned to Marblehead, rebuilt his business, and
went on to serve two terms in the Massachusetts Legislature and six
terms on the Marblehead Board of Selectmen. He died January 30, 1797,
at the age of 64.